Who is as the Father of Geography?

Who is as Father of Geography?

Eratosthenes is known as Father of Geography. Even though he was a polymath who made contributions in many areas, his work in geography stands out. Eratosthenes used a technique employing the shadows cast by obelisks in Alexandria and Syene to precisely determine the Earth's diameter. He also constructed the earliest known map of the world and coined the words "geography" and "longitude." By highlighting the significance of mapping, geodesy, and the examination of Earth's physical and human qualities, Eratosthenes, a pioneer in the field, set the groundwork for contemporary geography.

Why Eratosthenes is known as Father of Geography

Here is the reasons why Eratosthenes is considered the Father of Geography:
  • One of the most prominent organisations of the time, the Library of Alexandria, employed him as its chief librarian.
  • Based on mathematical concepts, he drew a detailed map of the entire earth.
  • He coined the term "Geography" to define the study of the Earth and was the first to use it.
  • He was the first to precisely calculate the diameter of the planet.
  • He determined the Earth's axis tilt and the separation between the Earth and the Sun.
  • across 600 cities and places from all across the known world were catalogued by him.
  • He published a number of books on geography, notably the groundbreaking Geographika.
  • He made a list of the highest mountains and longest rivers in the globe.
  • He was the pioneer in putting forth the idea of latitude and longitude.
  • He created the parallels and meridians system to accurately depict geographic places on maps.
  • A Prime Meridian was his idea, according to him.
  • He determined the separation between Earth and the Moon and Sun.
  • Early calculations he made of the size of the Earth were within 15% of the real amount.
  • He was a pioneer in the use of science and maths in geography and cartography.
  • Geography, cartography, and geodesy all benefited from his substantial contributions.
  • He created a map of the world that was well-known at the time.
  • He described a technique for determining a ship's separation from the coast using a tool called a stadion.
  • He was a well-respected scientist and academic of his time, and he was given the nickname "Beta" to denote his position as the second-best in a number of subjects.
  • Later generations of geographers and cartographers have studied and expanded on his work, and he is still regarded as a pioneer in the discipline.

Biography of  Eratosthene the Father of Geography

Eratosthenes is known as Father of Geography because of his contributions to geography and mapping, Eratosthenes is referred to as the Father of Geography. He is well known for his approach to calculating the Earth's circumference, which he determined to be 39,375 kilometres (or around 24,662 miles).

At the Library of Alexandria, one of the most renowned libraries in ancient times, Eratosthenes served as the chief librarian. He worked as an astronomer and geographer, too. To ascertain the dimensions and form of the Earth as well as the locations of various cities and landmarks, he carried out several investigations and tests.

The measurement of the Earth's circumference was one of Eratosthenes' most well-known experiments. He accomplished this by comparing the angle of the sun at noon on the summer solstice in Alexandria to the angle of the sun at the same time in Syene, Egypt (now Aswan). He discovered that the sun's angle varied between the two towns by around 7.2 degrees, which enabled him to use simple geometry to determine the Earth's diameter.

A map of the known world that was created by Eratosthenes is also among the most precise of its era. Additionally, he created a method of latitude and longitude parallelism that is still in use today. By making observations of the stars, he was also able to calculate the tilt of the Earth's axis.

Eratosthenes made contributions to a wide range of disciplines, including mathematics, astronomy, literature and geography and mapping. He published a number of works, including the important geography book "Geographika" which is now lost.

The foundation for geography as we know it now was created by Eratosthenes' method of studying geography and his precise measurements.

People also Ask about Father Of Geography

Q: What are the contributions of the father of geography?

Ans: By precisely estimating the Earth's circumference, inventing crucial geographical words, and producing the first globe map, Eratosthenes made fundamental contributions to geography.

Q: Why is Eratosthenes called the father of geography?

Ans: What did Eratosthenes do for geography?
By comparing the angles of the sun's beams at two separate locations, Alexandria and Syene, Eratosthenes calculated the circumference of the Earth.

Q: What is the significance of Eratosthenes in the field of geography?

Ans: Due to his innovative work in mapping and geodesy as well as the introduction of important terms and concepts in the subject, Eratosthenes is regarded as the founder of geography.

Q: How did Eratosthenes calculate the Earth's circumference?

Ans: The contributions of Eratosthenes provided the groundwork for contemporary geography by highlighting the value of mapping, geodesy, and the examination of the planet's natural and human aspects.

Q: Who came after Eratosthenes in the development of geography?

Ans: Eratosthenes used a technique employing the shadows produced by obelisks in Alexandria and Syene to determine the size of the Earth.

FAQs on Father of Geography

Who is Father of Geography?

Ans: Eratosthenes is considered to be the "Father of Geography" due to his work in measuring the Earth's circumference, creating a map of the known world and developing the concept of latitude and longitude.

Who is Father of Modern Geography?

There is no one person that is considered to be the "Father of Modern Geography". The discipline of geography has developed and evolved over time with contributions from many individuals.

Who is Father of Indian Geography?

One of the most notable "Father of Indian Geography" is Rajendra Singh he is Indian geographer who is known for his pioneering work on the hydrological system of India.

Why Eratosthenes is known as Father of Geography?

Eratosthenes is considered to be the "Father of Geography" due to his work in measuring the Earth's circumference, creating a map of the known world and developing the concept of latitude and longitude.

Is one known as Father of Geography except Eratosthenes

Yes, there are many scholars and geographers who has contribution in field of geography like Ptolemy, Claudius Ptolemaeus, Vidal de la Blache, Paul Vidal de la Blache and many more but Eratosthenes is considered as the Father of Geography because of his contribution in the field of geography

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